Exploring Innovation in Northern Canada with Insights from the Mining Innovation System in Greater Sudbury, Ontario
Keywords:Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Provincial North
The Northern Review 45 (2017): 33–56
This article provides an exploratory examination of the innovation dynamics in northern Canada, situated within the broader literature on staples theory, regional development, and regional innovation systems. It uses a case study on the mining innovation system in Greater Sudbury, Ontario—one of the most advanced regional innovation systems in northern Canada—to highlight the importance of innovation support institutions, government intervention, and building on competitive advantages. The article also explores a number of geographic, social, and economic challenges that can hinder entrepreneurship, innovation, and, ultimately, economic development in regions across the North. These include geographic remoteness and isolation, small and often sparsely populated regions, and development approaches that do little to facilitate the reinvestment of resource wealth back into regional development.
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