Changing Capabilities of Northern Communities: Environmental Protection
Northern communities appear to lack the power of many southern governments to influence their course of development. One clear exception is the North Slope Borough in the American Arctic, which benefits from the strong grant of authority to local governments in the Alaska Constitution and the ability to tax oil and gas property at Prudhoe Bay. This article examines how northern communities respond to environmental threats posed by recent oil and gas development projects. It finds that the borough’s participation in the intergovernmental regulatory regime brings advantages to community interests, but that there are costs as well.
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