Impact and Benefit Agreement (IBA) Revenue Allocation Strategies for Indigenous Community Development




IBA, Resource Revenues, Indigenous Communities, Sustainability, Canada, Impact and Benefit Agreement


The Northern Review 47 (2018): 9–29

This article analyzes the diff erent modes of resource revenue distribution and their impacts on Indigenous communities and sustainable development. After a literature review of the diff erent distribution models and their positive and negative impacts for communities, we assess each model’s level of sustainability. In the second section, we present the results of a survey and follow-up interviews conducted with twenty-one representatives of the forty-two Canadian First Nations that had signed an Impact and Benefit Agreement by 2016. In most surveyed communities, the trust funds are directly managed by the political authority thus providing no insulation from political influence. The survey also shows that some Indigenous communities are investing in programs that should be funded by the federal and provincial or territorial governments, which attests to the chronic lack of investment in Indigenous communities in Canada. Finally, whatever the choice of distribution mode, in order to foster sustainable development communities need to ensure that the lost natural capital—both non-renewable resources depletion and the environmental damage created by the operations—will be replaced for future generations.

Author Biographies

Thierry Rodon, Université Laval

Professor, Political Science

Isabel Lemus-Lauzon, IDDPNQ

Consultation Project Officer, IDDPNQ, l’Institut de développement durable des Premières Nations du Québec
et du Labrador (Institute for Sustainable Development of First Nations of Quebec and Labrador)

Stephan Schott, Carleton University

Associate Professor, School of Public Policy






Dealing with Resource Development in Canada's North